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Delaware: Labor Market Data for Career Pathway Planning
    Introduction 

Employment data at the state and regional level play an important role in the approval of new Career Technical Education (CTE) programs. Such programs are more likely to be approved if there are sizeable projected job openings for occupations related to the educational program’s pathway and cluster. Another factor that supports program approval is a projected average wage for occupations in the pathway/cluster that is higher than the average wage for the state.

The federal Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 includes several references to High Skill, High Wage, or High Demand occupations. Not all high wage occupations require high skills (Bachelor’s degree or higher). In the next ten years nearly half of the job openings in the U.S. and Delaware will require middle-level skills.

The Delaware Department of Education, in collaboration with Delaware Department of Labor, developed definitions for "middle-skill, high-skill, high-wage, and high-demand" occupations as follows:

  • Middle Skill: Occupations requiring some type of post-secondary education (such as an apprenticeship, certification, or an Associate’s degree) but not a Bachelor’s degree; or High School education with some work experience or at least one month on-the-job training or credential attainment.

  • High Skill: Occupations requiring at least a Bachelor’s degree, or Associates’ Degree with either a required Residency/Internship or five years of experience.

  • High Wage: Occupations paying more than the Delaware all-industry statewide median wage ($37,750 in 2015).

  • High Demand: Occupations with at least 4 annual job openings due to growth in Delaware.

These designations of occupations help direct investment into educational programs that have the potential to be the most effective for student outcomes. Since program completers are likely to find employment in a wide range of related occupations under a career pathway or cluster, an attempt has been made to designate career pathways and clusters with the Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand designations. This framework provides the basis for linking program completion with cluster-wide job placement data to evaluate the effectiveness of CTE programs.

This project was developed by Les Janis (EDEPS Director) in collaboration with George Sharpley, Ph.D.(Delaware Department of Labor) and Melvin D’Souza, Ph.D. (Delaware Department of Education). For more information, please contact Melvin D'Souza at melvin.dsouza@doe.k12.de.us or George Sharpley at george.sharpley@state.de.us.

U.S. and Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data
RegionEmployment
2015
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2015
United States137,896,660   9,788,900      6.5%           $48,320    
Delaware433,840   37,150      8.1%           $50,300    
District of Columbia676,060   46,040      6.0%           $80,150    
Maryland2,596,630   504,540      18.2%           $54,630    
New Jersey3,906,800   275,310      6.5%           $54,950    
Pennsylvania5,709,480   345,920      5.7%           $46,550    
Virginia3,682,450   368,050      9.3%           $51,670    
Delaware: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterMSHSHWHDEmployment
2015
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2015
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources    3,370       46           0.5%           $59,758    
Architecture & Construction  24,740       3,561           12.7%           $48,763    
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications  2,810       160           4.8%           $54,166    
Business Management & Administration   70,960       2,635           3.6%           $52,482    
Education & Training  25,810       2,730           10.2%           $57,020    
Finance 23,640       2,427           9.2%           $79,800    
Government & Public Administration 3,950       399           8.6%           $56,828    
Health Science 42,580       6,922           15.4%           $63,447    
Hospitality & Tourism   57,690       5,112           8.9%           $24,274    
Human Services   16,370       2,272           13.1%           $35,359    
Information Technology  12,540       1,743           13.2%           $86,932    
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security  15,820       930           5.1%           $65,168    
Manufacturing   25,690       713           2.9%           $43,172    
Marketing  49,760       3,393           6.5%           $42,314    
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics  4,090       483           6.2%           $102,347    
Transportation, Distribution & Logistics   28,560       2,527           8.2%           $37,995    
Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2015
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2015
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesMid-Atlantic128,870 7,736     2.7%       $49,778 
Architecture & ConstructionMid-Atlantic978,330 115,211     10.3%       $50,574 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsMid-Atlantic204,230 1,790     0.7%       $53,187 
Business Management & AdministrationMid-Atlantic3,107,420 156,415     4.7%       $58,673 
Education & TrainingMid-Atlantic1,095,630 165,830     11.8%       $60,248 
FinanceMid-Atlantic687,150 47,177     6.3%       $77,142 
Government & Public AdministrationMid-Atlantic135,280 6,159     4.3%       $60,652 
Health ScienceMid-Atlantic1,609,130 303,432     17.7%       $63,503 
Hospitality & TourismMid-Atlantic2,019,750 187,892     9.6%       $24,697 
Human ServicesMid-Atlantic704,310 127,122     14.3%       $36,044 
Information TechnologyMid-Atlantic618,950 106,643     16.7%       $91,390 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityMid-Atlantic690,420 45,910     6.2%       $64,261 
ManufacturingMid-Atlantic1,216,170 27,153     2.2%       $43,142 
MarketingMid-Atlantic1,897,140 114,693     5.8%       $44,733 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsMid-Atlantic290,160 22,783     7.3%       $98,759 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsMid-Atlantic1,347,710 125,577     9.1%       $37,699 

 

United States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2015
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2015
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesUnited States1,432,450 -2,200     -0.1%       $41,030 
Architecture & ConstructionUnited States8,402,070 880,600     8.8%       $49,062 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsUnited States1,796,990 7,200     0.3%       $52,351 
Business Management & AdministrationUnited States24,143,310 776,300     3.0%       $53,846 
Education & TrainingUnited States8,619,670 786,700     7.6%       $56,592 
FinanceUnited States5,387,100 385,700     6.6%       $72,950 
Government & Public AdministrationUnited States1,071,270 28,000     2.5%       $57,874 
Health ScienceUnited States12,572,590 2,402,700     18.5%       $62,626 
Hospitality & TourismUnited States17,793,330 1,204,500     6.4%       $24,225 
Human ServicesUnited States5,371,650 1,003,000     13.1%       $33,946 
Information TechnologyUnited States3,828,360 485,900     12.5%       $85,896 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityUnited States5,009,390 276,500     5.2%       $56,891 
ManufacturingUnited States12,269,120 -72,700     -0.6%       $40,628 
MarketingUnited States15,843,830 920,500     5.4%       $42,658 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsUnited States2,076,590 85,000     3.9%       $95,412 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsUnited States11,379,300 623,600     5.3%       $37,638 

 

 • A blank numerical table cell indicates the data is not available.
 • Sources: Delaware Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
 • Mid-Atlantic includes Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
 • MS, HS, HW and HD are abbreviations for Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand Occupations
 • MS & HS Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as MS if, within the cluster/pathway, the percentage of MS occupations is at least thirty (30) percent
   of the total number of occupations reported for that cluster/pathway. The same process is used to determine HS clusters/pathways.
 • HW & HD Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as HS if, within the cluster/pathway, the total employment for HS occupations is greater than the
   total employment for non-HS occupations. The same process is used to determine MS, HW and HD for clusters/pathways.