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Delaware: Labor Market Data for Career Pathway Planning
    Introduction 

Employment data at the state and regional level play an important role in the approval of new Career Technical Education (CTE) programs. Such programs are more likely to be approved if there are sizeable projected job openings for occupations related to the educational program’s pathway and cluster. Another factor that supports program approval is a projected average wage for occupations in the pathway/cluster that is higher than the average wage for the state.

The federal Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 includes several references to High Skill, High Wage, or High Demand occupations. Not all high wage occupations require high skills (Bachelor’s degree or higher). In the next ten years nearly half of the job openings in the U.S. and Delaware will require middle-level skills.

The Delaware Department of Education, in collaboration with Delaware Department of Labor, developed definitions for "middle-skill, high-skill, high-wage, and high-demand" occupations as follows:

  • Middle Skill: Occupations requiring some type of post-secondary education (such as an apprenticeship, certification, or an Associate’s degree) but not a Bachelor’s degree; or High School education with some work experience or at least one month on-the-job training or credential attainment.

  • High Skill: Occupations requiring at least a Bachelor’s degree, or Associates’ Degree with either a required Residency/Internship or five years of experience.

  • High Wage: Occupations paying more than the Delaware all-industry statewide median wage ($37,960 in 2016).

  • High Demand: Occupations with at least 4 annual job openings due to growth in Delaware.

These designations of occupations help direct investment into educational programs that have the potential to be the most effective for student outcomes. Since program completers are likely to find employment in a wide range of related occupations under a career pathway or cluster, an attempt has been made to designate career pathways and clusters with the Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand designations. This framework provides the basis for linking program completion with cluster-wide job placement data to evaluate the effectiveness of CTE programs.

This project was developed by Les Janis (EDEPS Director) in collaboration with George Sharpley, Ph.D.(Delaware Department of Labor) and Melvin D’Souza, Ph.D. (Delaware Department of Education). For more information, please contact Melvin D'Souza at melvin.dsouza@doe.k12.de.us or George Sharpley at george.sharpley@state.de.us.

U.S. and Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data
RegionEmployment
2016
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2016
United States140,400,040   9,788,900      6.5%           $49,630    
Delaware440,760   37,150      8.1%           $50,930    
District of Columbia702,380   46,040      6.0%           $82,950    
Maryland2,640,900   504,540      18.2%           $56,120    
New Jersey3,955,350   275,310      6.5%           $56,030    
Pennsylvania5,747,020   345,920      5.7%           $47,540    
Virginia3,760,550   368,050      9.3%           $53,090    
Delaware: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterMSHSHWHDEmployment
2016
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2016
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources    3,533       46           0.5%           $57,142    
Architecture & Construction  23,673       3,561           12.7%           $50,240    
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications  2,026       160           4.8%           $53,038    
Business Management & Administration   72,499       2,635           3.6%           $53,614    
Education & Training  24,551       2,730           10.2%           $57,379    
Finance 23,462       2,427           9.2%           $76,897    
Government & Public Administration 3,545       399           8.6%           $57,535    
Health Science 44,889       6,922           15.4%           $65,960    
Hospitality & Tourism   57,893       5,112           8.9%           $25,185    
Human Services   17,541       2,272           13.1%           $35,285    
Information Technology  13,311       1,743           13.2%           $89,824    
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security  15,267       930           5.1%           $64,596    
Manufacturing   25,648       713           2.9%           $43,077    
Marketing  51,288       3,393           6.5%           $42,051    
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics  3,433       483           6.2%           $105,402    
Transportation, Distribution & Logistics   26,694       2,527           8.2%           $38,806    
Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2016
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2016
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesMid-Atlantic134,080 7,740     2.7%       $53,104 
Architecture & ConstructionMid-Atlantic988,750 115,190     10.3%       $51,980 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsMid-Atlantic198,500 1,790     0.7%       $53,904 
Business Management & AdministrationMid-Atlantic3,146,850 156,360     4.7%       $60,202 
Education & TrainingMid-Atlantic1,079,370 166,220     11.8%       $61,353 
FinanceMid-Atlantic676,620 47,190     6.3%       $79,704 
Government & Public AdministrationMid-Atlantic139,700 6,170     4.3%       $62,724 
Health ScienceMid-Atlantic1,640,300 303,440     17.7%       $65,437 
Hospitality & TourismMid-Atlantic2,056,610 187,830     9.6%       $25,481 
Human ServicesMid-Atlantic754,200 127,120     14.3%       $36,420 
Information TechnologyMid-Atlantic634,310 106,680     16.7%       $93,266 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityMid-Atlantic687,890 45,740     6.2%       $66,058 
ManufacturingMid-Atlantic1,210,210 27,120     2.2%       $44,047 
MarketingMid-Atlantic1,888,910 114,680     5.8%       $46,287 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsMid-Atlantic296,420 22,790     7.3%       $100,476 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsMid-Atlantic1,395,690 125,560     9.1%       $38,330 

 

United States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2016
Employment
Change 2014-24
Employment
Growth 2014-24
Avg. Wage
2016
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesUnited States1,458,040 -2,200     -0.1%       $41,906 
Architecture & ConstructionUnited States8,553,160 880,600     8.8%       $50,459 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsUnited States1,829,700 7,200     0.3%       $53,681 
Business Management & AdministrationUnited States24,476,480 776,300     3.0%       $55,277 
Education & TrainingUnited States8,740,520 786,700     7.6%       $58,166 
FinanceUnited States5,467,000 385,700     6.6%       $75,314 
Government & Public AdministrationUnited States1,104,150 28,000     2.5%       $59,249 
Health ScienceUnited States12,952,130 2,402,700     18.5%       $64,128 
Hospitality & TourismUnited States18,241,750 1,204,500     6.4%       $25,167 
Human ServicesUnited States5,608,270 1,003,000     13.1%       $34,857 
Information TechnologyUnited States3,970,800 485,900     12.5%       $87,679 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityUnited States5,052,750 276,500     5.2%       $58,398 
ManufacturingUnited States12,337,290 -72,700     -0.6%       $41,551 
MarketingUnited States15,985,490 920,500     5.4%       $44,015 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsUnited States2,091,790 85,000     3.9%       $96,818 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsUnited States11,627,720 623,600     5.3%       $38,611 

 

 • A blank numerical table cell indicates the data is not available.
 • Sources: Delaware Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
 • Mid-Atlantic includes Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
 • MS, HS, HW and HD are abbreviations for Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand Occupations
 • MS & HS Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as MS if, within the cluster/pathway, the percentage of MS occupations is at least thirty (30) percent
   of the total number of occupations reported for that cluster/pathway. The same process is used to determine HS clusters/pathways.
 • HW & HD Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as HW if, within the cluster/pathway, the total employment for HW occupations is greater than the
   total employment for non-HW occupations. The same process is used to determine HD for clusters/pathways.