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Occupational Supply Demand
Unit of Analysis
1612C Foreign Languages and Literatures
Program(s) of Study and Training

A program that focuses on one or more of the languages native to the African continent, including, but not limited to, Bantu languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niger-Congo languages, Khoisan languages, and the Chadic and Ethiopic languages of the Hamito-Semitic language family. Includes instruction in philology, dialects, and oral and written literatures.

A program that focuses on the Albanian language. Includes instruction in Albanian/Illyrian philology; Ghegg and Tosk dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on one or more of the languages native to the Western Hemisphere, with an emphasis on American Indian languages, but including other Native American languages. Includes instruction in philology; oral and written literatures; Inuit and Aleut languages; Hawaiian; North American language families, including, but not limited to, Algonkian, Athabascan, Siouan, Muskogean, Iroquoian, Yuman, Mayan, Zapotecan, and Uto-Aztecan; South American language families, including, but not limited to, Andean-Equatorial, Ge-Pano-Carib, and Macro-Chibchan; and other minor languages.

A program that focuses on one or more of the extinct Semitic and/or Non-Semitic languages spoken in the ancient Near East, including those used to write historical Jewish and Christian religious texts. These languages include, but are not limited to, Egyptian/Coptic, Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Aramaic, Cannanite, Phonecian, Samarian, Ugaritic, Syriac, Mandean, Hattic, Elamite, Hurrian, Hittite, Urartian, Lydian, Luwian, Lycian, Palaic, Sabaean/South Arabian, and other associated languages. Includes instruction in philology, epigraphy, papyrology, numismatics, and textual studies.

A program that focuses on the Greek language and literature from its origins through the fall of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire, as a secular and/or theological subject. Includes instruction in philology, Attic and Hellenistic dialects, Koine (Biblical) Greek, and Medieval or Byzantine Greek.

A program that focuses on language-related concerns in the everyday world, including language education, acquisition of first and additional languages, discourse analysis, language assessment, literacy, and language policy and planning. Includes instruction in linguistic theory; language teaching and learning; discourse analysis; language and cognition; and language, culture, and identity.

A program that focuses on the Arabic language. Includes instruction in philology; Classical Arabic; Modern Standard Arabic; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the languages native to Papua/New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and the island groups of the Pacific Ocean, including, but not limited to, the Papuan languages, the Australian languages, the Micronesian languages, and the Polynesian languages. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the languages of the Baltic peoples, including, but not limited to, the modern languages of Latvian and Lithuanian, and extinct languages such as Old Prussian and Curionian. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Bengali language (Bangla) and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Bosnian, Serbian and/or Croatian languages. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Bulgarian language. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Burmese language. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Catalan language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the historical and modern languages spoken by the Celtic peoples of the British Isles, Continental Europe, and Asia Minor, including, but not limited to, modern languages such as Irish, Scots Gaelic, Welsh, and Breton; and extinct or revived languages such as Cornish, Manx, Galatian, and others. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the languages of China and associated dialects and literature. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A general program that focuses on the literary culture of the ancient Graeco-Roman world and the Greek and Latin languages and literatures and their development prior to the fall of the Roman Empire.

Any instructional program in classics and classical languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the Czech language. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Danish language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Dutch language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; literature; Dutch Creoles; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the languages of East Asia, including, but not limited to, the Sino-Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean languages. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

Any instructional program in East Asian languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the modern Filipino/Tagalog language as used in the Philippines. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A general program that focuses on one or more modern foreign languages that is not specific as to the name of the language(s) studied; that is otherwise undifferentiated; or that introduces students to language studies at the basic/elementary level.

Any instructional program in foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the French language and related dialects and creoles. Includes instruction in philology; Metropolitan French; Canadian French; African and Caribbean Creoles; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the German language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the Germanic languages of Western, Central, and Northern Europe. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

Any instructional program in Germanic languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the Hebrew language. Includes instruction in philology; Biblical Hebrew (including Pre- and Post-Exilic scripts); Modern Hebrew; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Hindi language, antecessors, and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; Modern Hindi; Hindustani; related dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the languages and literatures of the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking areas of the world, including the Iberian, Latin American, and Lusophone worlds. Includes instruction in Spanish and Portuguese language and linguistics; regional and Latin American dialects; and Spanish, Portuguese, Spanish American, Luso-Brazilian, and Chicano literature.

A program that focuses on the Hungarian language. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Malay and Indonesian languages. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the languages used in ancient, medieval, and modern Iran and its border regions, including modern Persian, Avestan/Old Persian, and related modern and extinct languages. Includes instruction in applications of modern Persian and other languages in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Italian language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Japanese language. Includes instruction in philology; Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Japanese; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Khmer language as spoken in Cambodia. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Korean language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Lao language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Latin language and literature from its origins through its decline and its current ecclesiastical usage, as a secular and/or theological subject. Includes instruction in philology, related Italic dialects, Late Roman and Medieval Latin, and modern Church Latin.

A program that focuses on language, language development, and relationships among languages and language groups from a humanistic and/or scientific perspective. Includes instruction in subjects such as psycholinguistics, behavioral linguistics, language acquisition, sociolinguistics, mathematical and computational linguistics, grammatical theory and theoretical linguistics, philosophical linguistics, philology and historical linguistics, comparative linguistics, phonetics, phonemics, dialectology, semantics, functional grammar and linguistics, language typology, lexicography, morphology and syntax, orthography, stylistics, structuralism, rhetoric, and applications to artificial intelligence.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the Middle/Near Eastern and Semitic languages of the ancient and modern Middle/Near East, Western Asia, North Africa, and Europe. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

Any instructional program in Middle/Near Eastern and Semitic languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the development and use of the Greek language in the period dating from the late 15th century to the present. Includes instruction in modern Greek literature, current Greek dialects, and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Mongolian language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; oral and written literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Norwegian language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Polish language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Portuguese language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; Metropolitan Portuguese; Luso-Brazilian Portuguese; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Punjabi language (Punjabi) and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the Romance languages of Western, Central, and Southern Europe. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

Any instructional program in Romance languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the Romanian language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Russian language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on Sanskrit and related ancient and classical Indo-Aryan languages. Includes instruction in Vedic and Classical Sanskrit, Pali and other Prakrits, and the historical development of Indo-Aryan languages and their relation to Indo-European languages such as Greek, Latin and the Baltic languages.

A program that focuses on one or more of the languages, literatures, and linguistics of the peoples of Scandinavia and associated Northern European island groups. Programs may involve multiple languages and language families, not be specific as to the name of the language(s) studied, or be otherwise undifferentiated.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the Slavic languages of Central and Eastern Europe. Includes instruction in philology; linguistics; dialects and pidgins; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on Slavic languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the Slovak language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the languages, literatures, and linguistics of the peoples of the Indian subcontinent and associated borderlands and island groups.

Any instructional program in South Asian languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

Any instructional program in Southeast Asian and Australasian/Pacific languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A general program that focuses on one or more of the modern languages spoken in mainland Southeast Asia and the Indonesian and Philippines Archipelagoes, including, but not limited to, members of the Thai, Tibeto-Burman, and Malayo-Polynesian language families.

A program that focuses on the Spanish language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; Modern Castillan; Latin American and regional Spanish dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Swedish language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Tamil language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; Classical and Modern Tamil; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Thai languages. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Tibetan language. Includes instruction in philology; secular and religious Tibetan; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, Buddhist studies, and other settings.

Any instructional program in the Turkic, Uralic-Altaic, Caucasian, and Central Asian languages, literatures, and linguistics not listed above.

A program that focuses on the Turkish language in either or both of its pre-modern and modern variants. Includes instruction in philology; Ottoman Turkish; Modern Turkish; dialects; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Ukrainian language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on Uralic languages, including, but not limited to, Finnish, Estonian, Karelian, and Sami. Includes instruction in philology; oral and written literatures; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Urdu language and related dialects. Includes instruction in philology; Modern Urdu; dialects; and applications in business, science/technology, and other settings.

A program that focuses on the Vietnamese language. Includes instruction in philology; dialects; literature; and applications to business, science/technology, and other settings.

Occupation(s)

Teach languages and literature courses in languages other than English. Includes teachers of American Sign Language (ASL). Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.