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Delaware Data for Career Pathway Planning
    Introduction 

Employment data at the state and regional level play an important role in the approval of new Career Technical Education (CTE) programs. Such programs are more likely to be approved if there are sizeable projected job openings for occupations related to the educational program’s pathway and cluster. Another factor that supports program approval is a projected average wage for occupations in the pathway/cluster that is higher than the average wage for the state.

The federal Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 includes several references to High Skill, High Wage, or High Demand occupations. Not all high wage occupations require high skills (Bachelor’s degree or higher). In the next ten years nearly half of the job openings in the U.S. and Delaware will require middle-level skills.

The Delaware Department of Education, in collaboration with Delaware Department of Labor, developed definitions for "middle-skill, high-skill, high-wage, and high-demand" occupations as follows:

  • Middle Skill: Occupations requiring some type of post-secondary education (such as an apprenticeship, certification, or an Associate’s degree) but not a Bachelor’s degree; or High School education with some work experience or at least one month on-the-job training or credential attainment.

  • High Skill: Occupations requiring at least a Bachelor’s degree, or Associates’ Degree with either a required Residency/Internship or five years of experience.

  • High Wage: Occupations paying more than the Delaware all-industry statewide median wage ($40,900 in 2020).

  • High Demand: Occupations with at least 4 annual job openings due to growth in Delaware.

These designations of occupations help direct investment into educational programs that have the potential to be the most effective for student outcomes. Since program completers are likely to find employment in a wide range of related occupations under a career pathway or cluster, an attempt has been made to designate career pathways and clusters with the Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand designations. This framework provides the basis for linking program completion with cluster-wide job placement data to evaluate the effectiveness of CTE programs.

For more information, please contact the Delaware Department of Education by phone at 302.735.4015 or by email to Nicole Lawless at Nicole.Lawless@doe.k12.de.us.

U.S. and Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data
RegionEmployment
2020
Employment
Change 2018-28
Employment
Growth 2018-28
Avg. Wage
2020
United States139,099,570   8,398,200      5.2%           $56,310    
Delaware426,380   24,990      5.1%           $56,700    
District of Columbia687,160   72,590      8.9%           $95,330    
Maryland2,523,030   303,320      10.4%           $63,610    
New Jersey3,782,730   249,510      5.7%           $63,690    
Pennsylvania5,512,120   318,680      5.0%           $53,950    
Virginia3,701,220   275,920      6.6%           $60,160    
Delaware: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterMSHSHWHDEmployment
2020
Employment
Change 2018-28
Employment
Growth 2018-28
Avg. Wage
2020
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources    3,210       100           1.4%           $41,067    
Architecture & Construction  10,443       2,010           6.8%           $58,101    
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications  1,740       -80           -3.5%           $52,856    
Business Management & Administration   10,393       -810           -1.0%           $59,378    
Education & Training  7,601       970           2.6%           $73,605    
Finance 3,039       850           3.5%           $51,070    
Government & Public Administration 3,571       240           5.5%           $60,983    
Health Science 12,627       9,830           16.1%           $83,330    
Hospitality & Tourism   7,405       5,180           8.2%           $35,445    
Human Services   7,063       3,930           16.9%           $40,016    
Information Technology   1,615       1,260           8.4%           $101,872    
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security  3,048       480           2.7%           $56,873    
Manufacturing   10,840       410           1.7%           $46,569    
Marketing  6,509       790           1.5%           $76,833    
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics   4,151       70           1.3%           $101,714    
Transportation, Distribution & Logistics  6,557       1,600           5.2%           $51,620    
Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2020
Employment
Change 2018-28
Employment
Growth 2018-28
Avg. Wage
2020
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesMid-Atlantic127,910 8,670     3.3%       $54,105 
Architecture & ConstructionMid-Atlantic953,900 92,660     7.9%       $57,370 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsMid-Atlantic186,710 -1,330     -0.5%       $62,368 
Business Management & AdministrationMid-Atlantic2,865,520 70,530     1.8%       $64,259 
Education & TrainingMid-Atlantic941,470 119,890     7.9%       $66,088 
FinanceMid-Atlantic609,980 37,790     5.0%       $85,845 
Government & Public AdministrationMid-Atlantic153,810 9,040     5.3%       $67,636 
Health ScienceMid-Atlantic1,396,240 308,580     14.0%       $68,920 
Hospitality & TourismMid-Atlantic1,709,600 232,820     11.0%       $29,322 
Human ServicesMid-Atlantic443,890 158,180     14.9%       $43,338 
Information TechnologyMid-Atlantic329,410 90,760     12.8%       $93,497 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityMid-Atlantic623,050 32,670     4.0%       $74,623 
ManufacturingMid-Atlantic960,870 25,240     2.3%       $48,449 
MarketingMid-Atlantic1,654,150 17,420     0.9%       $52,732 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsMid-Atlantic300,490 26,560     7.7%       $107,845 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsMid-Atlantic1,271,610 107,980     6.7%       $43,188 

 

United States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2020
Employment
Change 2018-28
Employment
Growth 2018-28
Avg. Wage
2020
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesUnited States1,481,120 96,500     2.9%       $48,235 
Architecture & ConstructionUnited States8,814,690 993,600     9.1%       $56,078 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsUnited States1,664,820 -19,100     -0.7%       $60,772 
Business Management & AdministrationUnited States22,810,540 122,000     0.4%       $59,763 
Education & TrainingUnited States7,724,370 671,500     5.3%       $67,251 
FinanceUnited States5,103,520 291,400     4.7%       $81,849 
Government & Public AdministrationUnited States1,184,870 70,400     4.9%       $65,251 
Health ScienceUnited States11,447,410 2,220,900     13.0%       $69,271 
Hospitality & TourismUnited States15,903,680 1,738,900     8.9%       $29,166 
Human ServicesUnited States3,447,620 1,489,600     16.0%       $43,312 
Information TechnologyUnited States2,208,540 582,900     12.0%       $84,859 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityUnited States4,610,730 206,400     3.4%       $67,968 
ManufacturingUnited States9,917,690 -19,500     -0.2%       $47,038 
MarketingUnited States14,593,810 85,300     0.5%       $50,150 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsUnited States2,139,820 124,500     5.5%       $104,687 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsUnited States10,778,540 577,000     4.4%       $44,225 

 

 • A blank numerical table cell indicates the data is not available.
 • Sources: Delaware Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
 • Mid-Atlantic includes Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
 • MS, HS, HW and HD are abbreviations for Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand Occupations
 • MS & HS Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as MS if, within the cluster/pathway, the percentage of MS occupations is at least thirty (30) percent
   of the total number of occupations reported for that cluster/pathway. The same process is used to determine HS clusters/pathways.
 • HW & HD Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as HW if, within the cluster/pathway, the total employment for HW occupations is greater than the
   total employment for non-HW occupations. The same process is used to determine HD for clusters/pathways.