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Delaware: Labor Market Data for Career Pathway Planning
    Introduction 

Employment data at the state and regional level play an important role in the approval of new Career Technical Education (CTE) programs. Such programs are more likely to be approved if there are sizeable projected job openings for occupations related to the educational program’s pathway and cluster. Another factor that supports program approval is a projected average wage for occupations in the pathway/cluster that is higher than the average wage for the state.

The federal Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 includes several references to High Skill, High Wage, or High Demand occupations. Not all high wage occupations require high skills (Bachelor’s degree or higher). In the next ten years nearly half of the job openings in the U.S. and Delaware will require middle-level skills.

The Delaware Department of Education, in collaboration with Delaware Department of Labor, developed definitions for "middle-skill, high-skill, high-wage, and high-demand" occupations as follows:

  • Middle Skill: Occupations requiring some type of post-secondary education (such as an apprenticeship, certification, or an Associate’s degree) but not a Bachelor’s degree; or High School education with some work experience or at least one month on-the-job training or credential attainment.

  • High Skill: Occupations requiring at least a Bachelor’s degree, or Associates’ Degree with either a required Residency/Internship or five years of experience.

  • High Wage: Occupations paying more than the Delaware all-industry statewide median wage ($38,850 in 2017).

  • High Demand: Occupations with at least 4 annual job openings due to growth in Delaware.

These designations of occupations help direct investment into educational programs that have the potential to be the most effective for student outcomes. Since program completers are likely to find employment in a wide range of related occupations under a career pathway or cluster, an attempt has been made to designate career pathways and clusters with the Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand designations. This framework provides the basis for linking program completion with cluster-wide job placement data to evaluate the effectiveness of CTE programs.

This project was developed by Les Janis (EDEPS Director) in collaboration with George Sharpley, Ph.D.(Delaware Department of Labor) and Melvin D’Souza, Ph.D. (Delaware Department of Education). For more information, please contact Melvin D'Souza at melvin.dsouza@doe.k12.de.us or George Sharpley at george.sharpley@state.de.us.

U.S. and Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data
RegionEmployment
2017
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2017
United States142,549,250   11,518,500      7.4%           $50,620    
Delaware442,690   28,680      6.1%           $52,200    
District of Columbia708,220   60,280      7.6%           $85,720    
Maryland2,664,330   211,290      7.7%           $57,270    
New Jersey4,007,470   352,730      8.2%           $56,970    
Pennsylvania5,781,610   342,030      5.5%           $48,760    
Virginia3,789,910   417,700      10.2%           $53,980    
Delaware: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterMSHSHWHDEmployment
2017
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2017
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources    4,070       245           3.6%           $50,862    
Architecture & Construction  25,140       2,035           7.1%           $50,985    
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications  2,540       -28           -0.8%           $53,082    
Business Management & Administration   71,710       423           0.6%           $55,576    
Education & Training  26,410       1,777           6.7%           $59,730    
Finance 24,360       3,061           11.1%           $76,141    
Government & Public Administration 4,940       492           10.7%           $64,350    
Health Science 46,030       6,946           14.6%           $70,243    
Hospitality & Tourism   57,430       5,822           9.5%           $26,081    
Human Services   18,360       2,458           13.9%           $34,826    
Information Technology  16,430       1,628           12.2%           $92,568    
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security  17,620       815           5.2%           $64,493    
Manufacturing   25,730       -38           -0.1%           $44,379    
Marketing  51,580       603           1.1%           $42,679    
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics  7,220       683           9.0%           $99,755    
Transportation, Distribution & Logistics    34,500       1,153           3.5%           $37,379    
Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2017
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2017
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesMid-Atlantic120,690 9,760     3.9%       $46,685 
Architecture & ConstructionMid-Atlantic985,780 107,650     9.2%       $53,210 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsMid-Atlantic204,040 5,380     2.1%       $54,295 
Business Management & AdministrationMid-Atlantic3,152,260 102,940     3.1%       $61,586 
Education & TrainingMid-Atlantic1,088,110 95,970     8.2%       $61,294 
FinanceMid-Atlantic690,140 51,060     6.9%       $81,542 
Government & Public AdministrationMid-Atlantic143,580 8,880     6.0%       $63,709 
Health ScienceMid-Atlantic1,623,370 275,700     16.1%       $66,607 
Hospitality & TourismMid-Atlantic2,052,980 220,860     10.3%       $26,073 
Human ServicesMid-Atlantic746,470 146,310     15.5%       $36,329 
Information TechnologyMid-Atlantic633,790 75,990     11.6%       $95,991 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityMid-Atlantic675,340 29,170     4.0%       $66,657 
ManufacturingMid-Atlantic1,019,750 29,540     2.4%       $44,928 
MarketingMid-Atlantic1,869,010 82,420     4.1%       $46,693 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsMid-Atlantic298,830 27,220     8.5%       $100,081 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsMid-Atlantic1,397,800 125,930     8.5%       $38,388 

 

United States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2017
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2017
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesUnited States1,465,360 119,600     3.7%       $42,691 
Architecture & ConstructionUnited States8,683,470 1,108,200     10.6%       $51,776 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsUnited States1,837,100 39,300     1.5%       $54,762 
Business Management & AdministrationUnited States24,590,510 589,000     2.2%       $56,500 
Education & TrainingUnited States8,859,860 1,021,900     9.6%       $59,263 
FinanceUnited States5,512,850 477,100     7.9%       $76,839 
Government & Public AdministrationUnited States1,133,580 87,300     7.4%       $60,734 
Health ScienceUnited States12,905,920 2,487,500     18.2%       $65,890 
Hospitality & TourismUnited States18,428,770 1,731,300     8.8%       $25,988 
Human ServicesUnited States6,054,480 1,494,700     18.6%       $34,590 
Information TechnologyUnited States4,067,010 551,600     13.1%       $89,576 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityUnited States5,097,930 289,500     5.4%       $59,822 
ManufacturingUnited States10,410,070 -140,300     -1.1%       $43,141 
MarketingUnited States15,905,720 643,300     3.7%       $44,438 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsUnited States2,104,430 184,200     8.5%       $98,734 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsUnited States11,530,570 830,600     6.7%       $39,110 

 

 • A blank numerical table cell indicates the data is not available.
 • Sources: Delaware Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
 • Mid-Atlantic includes Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
 • MS, HS, HW and HD are abbreviations for Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand Occupations
 • MS & HS Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as MS if, within the cluster/pathway, the percentage of MS occupations is at least thirty (30) percent
   of the total number of occupations reported for that cluster/pathway. The same process is used to determine HS clusters/pathways.
 • HW & HD Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as HW if, within the cluster/pathway, the total employment for HW occupations is greater than the
   total employment for non-HW occupations. The same process is used to determine HD for clusters/pathways.